GLOSSARY A collection of bonsai-related technical terms. Search terms to find out their pronunciations and meanings.


A small branch of the same year. It refers to an undergrown branch that emerges from an area near the base where other branches extend. In many cases in real bonsai, it becomes able to form a flower bud and succeeds in achieving blossoming fruition. Consequently, it is called a kind of byproduct flower. An apical bud or a branch growing well nearby is called a long branch, and a branch coming out of an area between the long and dwarf shoot is a medium branch. It is essential in bonsai to make good use of these branches to create a good tree shape.

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